"Technology has profoundly shaped society, the economy and the environment. Technology has caused many environmental and social problems, but it is also key to addressing environmental degradation, climate change, food scarcity, waste management, and other pressing global challenges.
For example, technologies used for treating waste help solve environmental problems whereas refrigeration and air-conditioning systems that use ozone-depleting refrigerants have huge environmental impacts associated with their use. How fast human society meets these and other challenges depends in large part on the pace and scale at which good technology displaces inferior technology in different global contexts.
Technology development, deployment, transfer and diffusion is a complex process. However, environmentally sound technologies need to be compatible with development goals and any national environmental, socio-economic, and cultural priorities. Several multilateral environmental agreements, intergovernmental decisions and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development stress...".